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Whether this is the beginning of a possible second wave cannot be known - but it could be, Wieler stressed.
According to the study, a good fifth of the corona patients admitted to German hospitals in spring did not survive.
Mortality was particularly high, at 53 percent, among patients who were ventilated. Of the hospital patients who were not ventilated, 16 percent died.
Berlin dpa - Holidaymakers entering Germany from corona risk areas will in future have to be tested for the virus on their return.
Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn announced that testing would be compulsory, and that this will probably come into force next week. The tests are to be free of charge for everyone.
Together with the Robert Koch Institute RKI , the federal government will determine in a list which countries are considered risk areas.
Gütersloh dpa - According to IT experts, the Corona crisis is driving digitization forward. The majority of experts 85 percent see a long-term trend towards video conferencing and the home office This is the result of a survey conducted by the Bertelsmann Foundation in Gütersloh in cooperation with the Technical University of Munich.
In April, experts on digitization, technology and artificial intelligence from several industries were surveyed online.
Nuremberg dpa - According to economists at leading financial institutions, the economy in Germany is on the road to recovery after the corona collapse.
The second quarter, which saw the peak of the corona crisis, was surprisingly robust. Katharina Utermöhl of the Allianz Group said with regard to the latest indicators: "The recession is over.
The German economy was no longer in intensive care. The situation remains critical, however, and setbacks cannot be ruled out.
Berlin dpa - All travellers should be able to be tested for the coronavirus free of charge upon their return to Germany. This is to take place at airports and seaports, but also in their home towns.
The federal and state health ministers passed a resolution to that effect at a switching conference on Friday. People who return to Germany from countries with a high risk of infection, so-called risk areas, should be tested there.
Those who do not have a negative test will have to be placed in home quarantine for two weeks, as has been the case so far. The number of corona cases in Germany has increased in the last few days.
According to the Robert Koch Institute RKI , the health authorities recently reported new corona infections within one day. Cologne dpa - For the overwhelming majority of voters, measures to contain the corona pandemic have now become a habit.
Just under 80 percent of those surveyed in the "Deutschlandtrend" on ARD's "Morgenmagazin" television programme said they had kept their distance and got used to wearing a mask.
According to this, 19 percent said that this was still difficult for them. Two percent of those questioned said that the measures did not affect them or they did not comply with them.
Nuremberg dpa - Since 1 July, a lower value added tax has been in force in Germany. The regular rate fell from 19 to 16 percent, the reduced rate from 7 to 5, with the aim of boosting consumption and giving a new boost to the economy in the corona pandemic.
In the opinion of the consumption researchers at the Nuremberg-based company GfK, the reduction in VAT has resulted in considerable purchasing incentives.
Consumers apparently intend to bring forward planned major purchases, which will help consumption this year," said Bürkl.
In addition to the consumer climate, the income expectations of Germans also seem to be improving again - even if expectations are still significantly lower than last year.
According to GfK, this is also due to the expected payment of a child bonus. Overall, the state aid would have an enormous cushioning effect.
Bürkl also regarded the recently reached compromise at EU level as a strong sign that the public authorities are ready to help.
Nuremberg dpa - The German labour market will take up to three years to recover from the corona crisis. The current crisis is virus-related and hardly caused by economic or structural factors.
It is therefore possible that a recovery will occur if fundamental factors move in the right direction. The labour market was in good shape," said Scheele.
This is the result of a still unpublished study on Covid patients in Wuhan, China, who are among the first infected people worldwide. In more than 80 percent of the patients, biologically active antibodies capable of rendering the virus harmless were still detected six months after their illness, said virologist Ulf Dittmer, Director of the Institute of Virology at Essen University Hospital.
The study of the German-Chinese joint laboratory in Wuhan involved Chinese experts as well as three virologists from Essen.
The results of the study will be presented to a specialist journal for review in the next few days. The originally planned funds of 15 million euros have been tripled, Minister Anja Karliczek announced in Berlin on Monday.
With now 45 million euros, almost 90 "outstanding projects" are to be funded. These include studies on the efficacy of treating Covid patients with blood plasma from people who have already survived an infection, research into the influence of genetic factors such as blood group on the severity of the disease, and studies on ethical, legal and social issues related to the pandemic.
Berlin dpa - The corona crisis leads to less revenue for the state in the truck toll. As the Federal Ministry of Transport announced, toll revenues in the first half of the year fell by million euros to around 3.
The background is a decline in truck mileage in view of the corona restrictions. Trucks with a gross vehicle weight of 7.
The truck toll applies to motorways and trunk roads. The revenue is used for these federal highways, for example for repairs. Berlin dpa - The German Association of Cities and Towns has welcomed the decision of the federal and state governments to react more precisely to local outbreaks of the corona pandemic in future.
It is therefore good if we can act as precisely, flexibly and effectively as possible to interrupt chains of infection.
Konstanz dpa - According to a study by the University of Konstanz, a large proportion of employees in Germany would like to have the opportunity to work in their home office even beyond the corona crisis.
The Managing Board decided that , employees, half of the global workforce, will work in their home offices two to three days a week in the future. However, there is no right to a home office.
Berlin dpa - As a consolation for the corona-induced parties and balls for school leavers, Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier invites to the "digital graduation party ".
On the Internet site "www. Starting this Wednesday, they will publish photos from their own school days and short videos with advice for the new phase of life.
Be curious about what's coming," Steinmeier advises the graduates. Some things will be more difficult after Corona. The companies called these results "encouraging", and several experts had also spoken of positive results.
Berlin dpa - The majority of citizens in Germany fear that summer holidays will cause the number of corona infections to rise again.
Berlin dpa - Federal Minister for Economic Affairs Peter Altmaier has named a criterion for an end to the obligation to wear masks in the retail sector: the decrease in the number of new daily corona infections in Germany to under Berlin dpa - The new regulations on the expansion of corona tests are having an effect, according to Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn.
Within four weeks, the number of tests nationwide has increased by more than half. Last week, almost , patients were tested - around , more than a month ago.
The background to this is a test regulation that came into force on June 9th. It allows test costs to be covered by health insurance even without signs of illness, if the health authorities so request.
With this, series tests and precautionary tests can be carried out in day-care centres, schools or nursing homes in the case of corona cases.
In principle, all patients who are admitted to clinics should be tested. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, the test regulation was also applied to the recent corona outbreaks in slaughterhouses.
Lübeck dpa - Germany's head of state Frank-Walter Steinmeier has spoken out in favour of producing more medical protective equipment in Europe again.
The corona pandemic has shown how susceptible international supply chains can be to disruption, Steinmeier said on Thursday during a visit to medical technology manufacturer Dräger in Lübeck.
Germany can consider itself lucky to have a medical technology manufacturer of world renown in its own country, which also responded quickly to the pandemic, said the Federal President.
Dräger had considerably expanded its production capacities at its headquarters in Lübeck after the company had received a major order from the German government for 10, ventilators in March.
Frankfurt dpa - German exports recovered marginally in May from a dramatic slump the previous month during the height of the coronavirus pandemic, figures released on Thursday showed.
The value of German exports rose by 9 per cent in May compared with an April low point, when exports plummeted a record However, the value of exported goods in May was still Bremen dpa - In the Corona crisis, people all over the world re-enacted famous works of art and published them on social media such as Instagram.
The Kunsthalle in the northern German city of Bremen is showing 77 such photos from this Wednesday onwards in the exhibition "Und jetzt Du!
Works of Art Reenacted in Quarantine". The pictures were submitted after a call by the museum and reenact paintings, sculptures, contemporary installations and works on paper from different centuries.
She has broad support from the parties and the states. This is necessary to keep the number of infections low and to protect fellow humans and oneself.
Sheepdogs, spaniels and retrievers are involved, as the Armed Forces Office announced. Sniffer dogs can not only detect explosives or drugs by the molecular composition of an odour, but can also smell various cancers and the threatening hypoglycaemia of diabetics.
The idea for the Corona project was also developed on this basis. Reliable results should be available in a few weeks. Berlin dpa - The bicycle boom in the Corona crisis continues unabated.
Some models of entry-level bikes and e-bikes are even out of stock, says the association spokesman. There is also a noticeable lack of children's bikes.
The trend towards holidays at home does the rest. Berlin dpa Chancellor Angela Merkel has thanked the elderly in Germany for their staying power during the coronavirus pandemic.
I thank you very much for that. New York dpa - Foreign Minister Heiko Maas wants pandemics and other health risks to be placed more at the centre of global security policy.
A more comprehensive understanding of the terms peace and security is needed, Maas said at a virtual meeting of the UN Security Council on Thursday.
When the UN Charter was drafted 75 years ago, he said, it was mainly military categories that were considered. Berlin dpa - Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn demands that the manufacturer of the corona drug Remdesivir continues to be able to deliver despite a major purchase by the USA.
Spahn sees the need for the coming weeks secured anyway. He said that there are corresponding reserves in the federal central pharmacy.
Remdesivir is considered one of the most promising drugs for severe corona symptoms. Brussels dpa - The EU states have decided that from 1 July people from 14 countries will be allowed to re-enter the country.
China is also mentioned - but the country has yet to promise that EU citizens will also be allowed to enter.
The list is to be revised every two weeks. Mainz dpa - The Mainz-based biopharmaceutical company Biontech is receiving fresh money through an investment by Singapore's sovereign wealth fund Temasek, among others.
In total, a private placement of shares with Temasek and other investors will bring in million US dollars million euros , Biontech announced in Mainz on Monday.
Like many other companies, Biontech is also looking for a vaccine against the lung disease Covid At the end of April, the Mainz-based company became the first company in Germany to receive approval from the Paul Ehrlich Institute to test a substance on healthy volunteers.
First results are expected at the end of June or beginning of July. The first corona test centre at an airport in Germany is now opening at Frankfurt Airport.
The biotechnology company Centogene is starting the project in cooperation with the airport operator Fraport and Lufthansa. The test center will be presented on Monday.
It will explain how the "walk-through tests" work, which are intended to contribute to the "new normality" of air travel in times of the corona pandemic.
The EU Commission and Germany alone pledged a total of almost 5. The event concluded with a big online concert in the evening with stars such as Coldplay and Miley Cyrus.
Berlin dpa - Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas does not rule out the possibility that individual borders in Europe will have to be closed again in the event of a drastic increase in corona infections.
However, he stressed that this must not happen again without close coordination. However, this would then have to be coordinated on a pan-European level.
At the beginning of the corona pandemic, many EU member states - including Germany - had closed borders on their own. In the meantime, almost all borders in the European Union and in the border control-free Schengen area are open again.
The only exceptions are Norway and Finland, which do not intend to reopen their borders until mid-July.
Berlin dpa - Most Germans are not planning a summer trip or are staying in Germany, as the new Germany trend published in advance on Thursday evening in the ARD morning magazine shows.
Of those who have already made up their minds about going on a summer holiday, more than half 51 percent say they will stay at home.
A good third 35 percent plan to take a holiday trip within Germany. According to this, 17 percent intend to travel to other European countries.
Only 2 percent can imagine spending their holidays outside Europe. Berlin dpa - The Corona-Warn-App of the federal government is now used by about 15 percent of the people in Germany.
On Wednesday, the official download number was According to experts, a noticeable effect in containing the pandemic can be expected from a usage rate of 15 percent.
The threshold of 15 percent was exceeded with Düsseldorf dpa - After the massive corona outbreak in a meat processing plant in Tönnies, public life is again restricted in two districts of North Rhine-Westphalia.
At midnight, strict regulations again came into force in the district of Gütersloh and the neighbouring district of Warendorf. A total of around , inhabitants are affected.
The Tönnies plant Rheda-Wiedenbrück in the district of Gütersloh is considered the starting point of the outbreak, and many Tönnies employees also live in the Warendorf area.
The regulations for the new restrictions initially apply for one week until June Berlin dpa - On Monday evening the events industry pointed out its situation in the Corona crisis with illuminated memorials.
To this end, important buildings in numerous cities were bathed in red light. Numerous buildings throughout Germany were illuminated, in Berlin the Brandenburg Gate.
Hamburg dpa - After the end of the corona lockdown, the Hamburg futurologist Horst Opaschowski 79 expects a wave of travel on German roads and motorways.
Holidays in one's own car will become the new normality, because air travel and cruises are less possible and less desirable.
In addition, distance regulations and the obligation to wear masks threatened to become an "atmosphere killer" in air, cruise and, to some extent, rail tourism.
The app could become a "companion and protector" and help interrupt infection chains. She is delighted that millions of people have already downloaded the app in this first week, said Merkel.
The reasons for the very different courses of the disease are still largely unclear, but an important factor could be blood group, as an international team of researchers reported in the New England Journal of Medicine.
According to the report, people with blood group A, which is the most common blood group in Germany, have a nearly 50 percent higher risk of a severe course of infection than those with other blood groups.
According to the study, people with blood group 0 have an approximately 50 percent lower risk of developing serious Covid disease. The team led by molecular biologist Andre Franke from the University Hospital in Kiel had previously published its results as a so-called preprint - i.
Now the study has been published in a renowned scientific journal. Langen dpa - The Tübingen-based company CureVac can now begin clinical trials of its vaccine candidate.
The first volunteers will be vaccinated in June as part of the phase 1 study. After the Mainz-based company Biontech, CureVac is the second company in Germany that is allowed to test a vaccine.
According to PEI, vaccine projects are underway worldwide, ten candidates are already in clinical trials, two in advanced phases 2 and 3.
Production at the slaughterhouse in Westphalia has been temporarily suspended, the district of Gütersloh is closing schools and daycare centers and quarantining a good 7, people.
Stuttgart dpa - According to a study carried out in Baden-Württemberg, children are less likely to be infected with the corona virus than their parents.
They should therefore not be regarded as drivers of the wave of infections, said Klaus-Michael Debatin, Medical Director of the Children's Hospital at the University Hospital in Ulm, commenting on the results of the study, which was presented in Stuttgart on Tuesday.
The role of children in the spread of the virus plays a crucial role in the reopening of day-care centres and primary schools. Berlin dpa - The official Corona Warning App of the federal government is available for download.
The app is designed to give early warning to people who have been in contact with infected persons and is intended to help identify and break the infection chains.
However, it does not protect users from becoming infected with the virus themselves. Berlin dpa - Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands have signed a contract with a manufacturer for at least million vaccine doses against the coronavirus.
All EU states that want to participate are to benefit. The contract partner AstraZeneca even mentioned a figure of "up to million doses".
The pharmaceutical company had previously concluded similar agreements with Great Britain, the USA and India, among others, for a total of 1.
It is to be tested in the coming months on a total of more than 10, adults in a study that began in May.
Berlin dpa - The controls on Germany's internal EU borders introduced during the Corona pandemic will end at midnight on Monday night 15 June.
The controls imposed in mid-March have already been reduced since last Wednesday. As a result, people from Germany's neighbouring countries are once again allowed to enter the country without any particular reason.
However, the controls for foreigners arriving by plane from Spain will not end until 21 June. Berlin dpa - A German aid fund is to support international cultural institutions in Corona times.
To this end, institutions for international cultural cooperation have joined forces on the initiative of the Goethe-Institut and the Federal Foreign Office.
The fund is directed "at organisations abroad whose commitment is of great importance for artistic freedom and for a pluralistic society," according to a communication.
In the short term, the aim is to support projects that primarily serve to secure the institutions' existence.
The Federal Foreign Office has initially provided three million euro in basic funding, the Goethe-Institut is to coordinate the allocation of the funds.
Further institutions are to follow. Funding of up to 25, euros is available for institutions outside the European Union where no other funding opportunities exist.
Gardening is the new way of cooking," says Berlin garden blogger Carolin Engwert photo. Allotment gardens have been particularly popular nationwide since the beginning of the Corona crisis, according to the Federal Association of Allotment Gardeners.
There is at least a doubling of the demand compared to the previous year. In Berlin, Hamburg or Munich, the demand has even quadrupled in some cases.
Berlin dpa - Germany has extended its travel warning for tourists due to the Corona pandemic for more than countries outside the European Union until 31 August.
Last week the German cabinet decided to lift the travel warning for 31 European countries. These include Germany's 26 partner countries in the European Union, the United Kingdom, which has just left the EU, and the four countries in the border-free Schengen area that are not members of the EU: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
For 29 countries, the abolition will take place on 15 June, for Spain and Norway only later, because entry barriers still apply there. For the other more than countries, the travel warning will now initially remain in force until 31 August.
These include the main travel destinations of the Germans, above all Turkey as the third most popular holiday destination. Wiesbaden dpa - Despite the corona crisis, craftsmen in Germany did good business overall in the first quarter.
The revenues from the seven trade groups rose by a total of 3. Only the trades for private use, which include hairdressers, for example, ended the quarter with a 3.
The trade groups of the handicrafts subject to licensing include construction, extension, handicrafts for commercial use, motor vehicle trade, food trade, health trade and handicrafts for private use.
Wiesbaden dpa - German exports fell dramatically in April as a result of the Corona crisis. The value of goods exports fell by This was the largest month-on-month decline in comparison to the same month last year since foreign trade statistics began in Berlin dpa - Health Minister Jens Spahn has announced that the Corona warning app will be presented next week.
Spahn emphasized that the app must also meet strict requirements regarding data protection and energy efficiency. Everyone who downloads the app will help.
If a user tests positive for Covid and this status is recorded in the app, the other users are to be informed that they have been near an infected person in the past.
Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel has described the measures to fight the consequences of the corona-pandemia as a mixture of a classic economic stimulus package and a package for the future that is designed to last for many years.
The classic economic stimulus package will take effect in the years and , while the longer-term future package of 50 billion euros is necessary because climate change and digitalisation are fundamentally changing the way we do business, the politician said in her podcast at the weekend.
Merkel cited the federal government's hydrogen strategy, increased support for renewable energies and building renovations, and a change in mobility as examples of measures geared to the future.
In addition, efforts in the area of digitalization would be intensified. Berlin dpa - Working parents who are unable to work because of childcare in the Corona crisis will get money from the state for a longer period of time.
The Bundesrat approved a corresponding law from the parliament. The wage replacement will be extended from 6 to up to 20 weeks.
Each parent will be entitled to 10 weeks compensation, single parents to 20 weeks. The state will pay 67 percent of net income, but no more than euros per month.
The value-added tax on food in restaurants will fall from 19 to 7 percent for one year starting in July. In addition, employer contributions to short-time work benefits will remain largely tax-free.
Berlin dpa - German border controls to other European states are to be abolished by the middle of this month, according to the will of Federal Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer.
He will present a corresponding proposal to the federal cabinet next Wednesday, the CSU politician said on Friday in Berlin after video consultations with his EU colleagues.
He also said that a majority of the other EU countries wanted to lift the controls introduced in the Corona crisis by the middle of the month.
A smaller number of states will do so at the end of June. Mainz dpa - According to a survey, the majority of German citizens are in favour of the complete opening of schools and day care centres after the summer holidays.
Around a third of those questioned 34 percent , on the other hand, said that day-care and school operations should continue to be only partial.
Berlin dpa - The number of corona patients undergoing intensive medical treatment has decreased significantly in Germany over the past few weeks.
According to the DIVI intensive care register, as of Tuesday people suffering from Covid were cared for in intensive care units, about half of them were ventilated.
In mid-April, the number of patients had at times been more than The number of new infections remains at a comparatively low level.
Berlin dpa - A clear majority of people in Germany are in favour of compulsory masks. According to the survey, every second German would be vaccinated against the coronavirus if a vaccine were available.
One in four would perhaps do so. One in five of the people questioned refused to be vaccinated. Berlin dpa - The developers of the Corona warning app by the German government have disclosed the complete program code of the eagerly awaited application.
This means that all the codes for the complete app are now available to the expert community. The two companies are thus keeping their promise to develop the tracing app as transparently as possible.
In the open source project, more than 65, voluntary software experts have so far looked at the source codes already published and made their own suggestions for improvements.
Berlin dpa - The German government wants to help the recession-stricken economy in the Corona crisis back on its feet with an economic stimulus package worth billions.
The volume could be in the region of 75 to 80 billion euros, the newspaper "Bild am Sonntag" reports, citing government circles as a reason.
However, the details are controversial. Federal Finance Minister Olaf Scholz SPD is pushing for three measures in particular: the extension of the short-time work allowance from one to two years, a one-time family bonus of euros per child, and a rescue package for the municipalities with reimbursement of old debts and compensation for the collapsed trade tax revenues.
So far, the pandemic has cost the state Berlin dpa - According to the ZDF political barometer, more than a third of people in Germany do not want to go on holiday this year.
Against the background of the Corona crisis, 37 percent of those surveyed said they did not want to go on holiday. Slightly less than a third 31 percent would like to go on holiday but want to spend it in Germany.
Only just over one in ten 13 percent is planning a summer holiday in another European country. Cologne dpa - According to a representative survey, almost three quarters of Germans 74 percent retrospectively assess the measures adopted in March to contain the coronavirus as correct.
For 15 per cent of those questioned, they went too far, according to a survey by the opinion research institute Infratest dimap commissioned by Westdeutscher Rundfunk WDR.
For nine percent of those surveyed, the measures did not go far enough. According to the data, 58 percent of Germans consider the relaxation of the corona restrictions to be correct.
One in four 25 percent , however, stated that the relaxation of the restrictions went too far. For 15 percent they did not go far enough.
Munich dpa - The Ifo Institute expects German economic output to slump by 6. This is what the Munich economists predict in their economic forecast updated on Thursday.
In the economy could then grow by The Ifo researchers therefore expect this year's slump to be much more severe than during the financial crisis in , when economic output shrank by 5.
Berlin dpa - Due to the coronavirus pandemic, all people in Germany must continue to exercise great restraint in meeting outdoors at least until the middle of the year.
The contact restrictions will be extended until June 29th, as agreed upon by the federal and state governments on Tuesday evening.
As early as 6 June, however, the states may allow further relaxation - for example, that in future a maximum of ten people or members of two households may meet in public.
Berlin dpa - Federal Economics Minister Peter Altmaier has defended the rescue package for Lufthansa against criticism that the state should have secured a greater say for the airline in return for aid of over nine billion euros.
The CDU politician said that the package could secure far more than , jobs. In addition, an important company would be preserved, which is globally active and plays an "outstanding role" for the competitiveness of the German economy.
The EU Commission and the Lufthansa supervisory board still have to approve the agreement between the company and the federal government.
Berlin dpa - In numerous German cities, people again demonstrated at the weekend against the restrictions imposed in the Corona pandemic. However, in most cases there were significantly fewer participants than expected.
In Berlin, the meetings were scattered over various locations, mostly in small groups - the big rush failed to materialise.
In Hamburg, around people attended an event entitled "A vigil for the Basic Law". In Cologne photo about demonstrators gathered in a human chain.
The demonstration against the Corona policy, which had been widely announced in Munich, literally fell through. Shortly before the official start of the rally on Munich's Theresienwiese, a thunderstorm swept over the grounds, so that the organizers decided to cancel their protest action.
Berlin dpa - The Corona hotspot Spain wants to open its borders to foreign tourists in July. Shortly before the announcement from Spain, Tui chairman Fritz Joussen had said that he wanted to start air traffic to Mallorca as early as June.
The Balearic government had previously taken the initiative for a pilot project with Tui. Tui also wants to bring travellers to other countries again soon.
Talks are currently being held with Turkey. Recently, there had been first progress in the consultations within the European Union to reduce travel restrictions before the summer holidays.
After video conferences with the Germans' neighbours and holiday countries, Foreign Minister Heiko Maas SPD said he was confident that the worldwide travel warning could be lifted after June 14, at least for the EU.
Erfurt dpa - The state of Thuringia wants to end the general corona restrictions at the beginning of June.
This would make state-wide regulations on minimum distances, the wearing of mouth and nose protectors, and contact restrictions a thing of the past.
They will be replaced by local measures only if a certain infection rate is exceeded in a region. A limit of 35 new infections per , inhabitants within one week is under discussion.
Berlin dpa - Negotiations between the German government and Lufthansa on a billion-euro rescue package are continuing.
It is expected that the relevant committee of the Economic Stabilization Fund WSF will meet on Friday to make Lufthansa an official offer of support measures for the ailing airline.
Lufthansa's committees will then have to consider and decide on the matter. The EU Commission must also give its approval.
The German government and companies had made it clear that they expected a decision to be reached shortly. A federal rescue plan provides for taxpayers' money totalling nine billion euros to help Lufthansa through the severe crisis.
The federal government wants to take a direct 20 percent stake in the airline. This would be under the so-called blocking minority, which could block important decisions.
Some questions about the rescue plan are still open, however. Berlin dpa - The German government wants to better protect German companies that produce drugs and vaccines from takeovers by investors from outside the EU.
To this end, the Foreign Trade and Payments Ordinance will be tightened. This will allow the government to take earlier and more precise action in planned takeovers of companies in the health sector.
Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel has warned against economic isolation in the Corona crisis. Berlin dpa - In the corona crisis, the most important airport in the German capital is likely to go off the grid: Berlin's Tegel Airport can be temporarily shut down on June This was decided by the federal government and the states of Berlin and Brandenburg at a shareholders' meeting on Wednesday, according to a spokeswoman for the Berlin Senate Department of Finance.
The corresponding application has already been filed with the aviation authorities. If passenger numbers do not recover significantly in the coming weeks, the airport will go into a two-month break.
Most recently, only about passengers per day flew at the Berlin airports Tegel and Schoenefeld. Schoenefeld Airport on the south-eastern city border in Brandenburg will remain in operation.
Brussels dpa - The Corona pandemic has caused a drastic slump in car sales. With declines of between 97 and 98 per cent, sales in these countries came "almost to a complete standstill" in April.
Berlin dpa - Before consulting with colleagues from popular holiday destinations, Germany's Foreign Minister Heiko Maas damps expectations.
The Corona pandemic had not yet been overcome, he said, and security precautions had to be taken in case the number of infections rose again.
However, he very much hopes that summer holidays in other European countries will be possible and that they will then "feel like holidays".
At noon, Maas wants to discuss with his colleagues from popular holiday destinations of the Germans how the travel restrictions due to the corona pandemic can be gradually eased.
Among other things, the ministers want to discuss entry regulations, quarantine regulations and cooperation between health authorities, said Maas.
The aim was to turn the worldwide travel warning currently in force in Germany into just a travel warning. This would allow citizens to judge for themselves whether and where they want to travel.
Berlin dpa - After weeks of debates, the German Football League has made its return. For a new start, "ghost games" took place in ten stadiums in front of empty ranks in the 1st and 2nd division on Saturday.
Almost everywhere, the players adhered to the German Football League's guidelines for restarting matches, and strict observers recorded only minor violations of the hygiene rules.
Coaches, stewards and media representatives with masks, a lot of distance on the substitutes' benches and often only muffled cheering with fist contact - this is the new reality.
The fans could only follow the action on television. The crowds of fans around the arenas feared by the police and some politicians did not materialise, even at the "Revierderby": Dortmund won the match at home against Schalke, which normally draws more than 80, people into the stadium, This assessment is supported by figures from Hystreet, a company specialising in measuring customer frequency in city centres.
According to these figures, the number of visitors in important shopping streets in Munich, Hamburg, Cologne, Leipzig and Stuttgart this week was still well below the normal level before Corona.
Hamburg's Spitalerstrasse was still the busiest, with 53 percent of "normal" pedestrian frequency between Monday and Thursday.
By comparison, the Neuhauser Strasse in Munich, which is otherwise very popular, especially with tourists, was only 42 percent. Berlin dpa - In the next few days, the federal states want to lift their general quarantine rules for travellers from neighbouring countries introduced because of the corona pandemic.
The Federal Ministry of the Interior is currently working on a new model regulation for the states, the ministry said on Friday. The states had agreed to it on Thursday after consultation with the Chancellor's Office.
At present, many German states require that anyone entering Germany from a neighboring European country must go into quarantine for 14 days.
Berlin dpa - Federal, state and local authorities have to get by with considerably less tax money because of the corona pandemic.
How bad it will be, tax estimators predict on Thursday. Government revenues are expected to fall significantly for the first time since the financial crisis in - possibly even more drastically than then.
According to reports, the federal, state and local governments could collect about billion euros less this year than predicted in the previous estimate in November.
Brussels dpa - A cautious opening of the internal borders in Europe should make summer holidays possible despite the corona crisis, according to recommendations of the EU Commission.
A flexible plan is proposed with the aim of gradually lifting controls, according to a paper the authority plans to present. Due to the development of the infection situation so far, Germanys Federal Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer has decided to adjust the border regime at the end of this week as follows.
At the borders with France, Austria and Switzerland he will order an extension of the temporary internal border controls from 16 May until 15 June The same applies to the airside borders with Italy and Spain.
However, there will be some relaxation in the practical organisation of land border controls. In future, controls will no longer be systematic, but flexible and risk-based.
The principle of a valid reason for entry will be retained, but there will be additional facilities for travel for family or personal reasons.
At the border with Denmark, the Federal Minister of the Interior is also prepared to terminate border controls. The date will be fixed jointly with Denmark.
Berlin dpa - A corona reserve hospital was built on the Berlin exhibition grounds within a few weeks. Initially around infected and Covid patients could be isolated and treated, should the Berlin hospitals reach their limits during the pandemic.
In total, up to spare beds could be created there. Cologne dpa - A study on the drug Remdesivir to combat corona disease is making progress, according to the head of the Cologne study.
The study is "in a very advanced stage", Gerd Fätkenheuer, head of infectiology at the University Hospital of Cologne, told the newspaper "Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger".
He heads the German part of the study of an international consortium researching Remdesivir. The drug is considered to be a potential agent for the treatment of severe coronavirus infections.
The USA has granted an exemption for the limited use of the active ingredient in hospitals. A clinical study had previously shown that it can shorten the time to recovery by several days in Covid patients.
In Germany, the drug is accessible within a drug hardship programme confirmed by the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices BfArM and is being tested in clinical trials.
Remdesivir was originally developed for the treatment of Ebola. To date, there is no vaccination against the novel coronavirus and no reliable approved drug therapy.
Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel CDU has assured the cultural industry of further support in view of the weeks of forced hiatus due to the Corona crisis.
The goal is that the broad and diverse cultural landscape can continue to exist even after the pandemic has been overcome, she said in her weekly video message distributed on Saturday.
Concepts should now be developed how hygiene and safety regulations could also open up theatres, concert halls, operas and other cultural venues.
There are calls from the Bundestag and the industry for quick further help. Berlin dpa - In the relaxation phase of the corona requirements, the authorities in three federal states have already had to pull the "emergency brake" because infection rates were too high.
In three districts in Thuringia, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, the critical value of 50 new infections per , inhabitants within seven days was exceeded.
Many people were infected in a slaughterhouse in the Münsterland region. Several planned easing measures in the affected district were postponed. However, the vast majority of German districts are far from the agreed limit.
Berlin dpa - According to its ambassador in Berlin, Wu Ken, China is open to an international investigation into the origin of the corona virus Sars-CoV "We support research exchange among scientists," Wu told the magazine "Der Spiegel".
Chinese and US scientists have already worked together on projects to trace the virus. Wu rejected accusations that China had initially covered up the outbreak of the epidemic, but admitted to communication deficits.
Berlin dpa - The federal and state governments have granted permission for a resumption of matches without spectators in the Bundesliga from the second half of May onwards.
This was agreed to by Chancellor Angela Merkel and the state premiers during their meeting on Wednesday. This means that the German Soccer League, as the umbrella organization of the 36 professional clubs of the 1st and 2nd leagues, will receive the long hoped-for permission for ghost games.
Brussels dpa - According to the EU spring forecast, the eurozone economy could shrink by 7. When presenting its forecast in Brussels on Wednesday, the EU Commission spoke of a recession of historic proportions.
Berlin dpa - Germany intends to provide million euros for international cooperation in the development of vaccines and drugs against the coronavirus.
Merkel said that the pandemic was a global challenge that could only be defeated with worldwide cooperation. She criticized that during this time not everyone was ready for multilateral cooperation.
And: "Germany will play an active role. Brussels dpa - In the fight against the coronavirus, a global alliance wants to raise at least 7.
The aim is to bring the antidotes to the market as quickly as possible and then make them available worldwide at low cost.
Merkel has already promised a "significant financial contribution" from Germany. According to the EU Commission, more than 70 possible vaccines are currently being researched worldwide.
At least three are now being clinically tested. Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel is also counting on more speed in the development of a vaccine to overcome the corona crisis.
In her weekly video address published on Saturday, the German head of government called for more international cooperation against the pandemic.
That is why we must work hard and with great concentration to contain and then defeat this virus by developing a vaccine," she said.
At a donor conference on 4 May, to which the EU Commission had invited, Germany would make a "substantial financial contribution".
An estimated eight billion euros are missing for the development of a vaccine. From Monday on, five people are allowed to travel together, even if they do not live in the same household, as the state government decided on Saturday.
Previously, only one person or more members of one's own household were allowed to accompany them. Berlin dpa - More than ten million workers in short-time work, and the worst economic consequences of the Corona crisis are probably yet to come: With a protest organised mainly on the Internet, trade unions warned on 1 May of cuts at the expense of employees.
The police announced that they would consistently try to break up possible demonstrations and crowds on May 1st. Berlin's Senator of the Interior Andreas Geisel announced that the day would be dedicated to infection control.
Political gatherings and gatherings of more than 20 people even with intervals are currently not allowed due to corona restrictions.
Berlin dpa - After weeks of closure due to the Corona pandemic, the German government wants children to be allowed to play in the playgrounds again soon.
Larger opening steps - such as for schools, daycare centers and club sports - are not to be decided until May 6. This is the result of a draft resolution presented by the federal government for the consultations of Chancellor Angela Merkel CDU with the heads of state governments, which began on Thursday afternoon.
According to the head of the Chancellor's Office, Helge Braun, the contact restrictions in effect until May 3 will "certainly" be extended until May Berlin dpa - The German government has extended the worldwide travel warning for tourists due to the coronavirus pandemic until at least June Munich dpa - According to the Ifo Institute, the German economy is unlikely to return to pre-crisis levels before the end of next year.
However, the individual sectors are likely to recover at different rates once the restrictions have been removed. According to an evaluation of a company survey by the Ifo Institute, economic output is likely to have fallen by 1.
Overall, economic output is likely to fall by 6. Berlin dpa - The traditional European concert of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra on May 1 is to take place despite the corona pandemic.
However, the orchestra will play in a small formation. The concert from the Berlin Philharmonic will open with a greeting from Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, as the orchestra announced on Monday.
Due to the rules of spacing and hygiene requirements, the Philharmonic Orchestra has adapted the programme to a chamber music instrumentation.
Since , the Philharmonic Orchestra has been playing at a special historical location for its birthday on May 1. This year, the concert was planned before a European tour in Tel Aviv and as part of the German President's state visit to Israel.
Due to the pandemic, the visit was postponed and the tour cancelled. Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel has countered fears that in the Corona crisis climate change could be pushed off the EU agenda.
Because of the pandemic, Germany's EU Council Presidency will "take a different course than we had planned", the German head of government said in her podcast.
Climate issues would be "just as much on the agenda as health issues". It was important to see that something was being done for "Europe's economic revitalisation" and social cohesion, said the Chancellor, and "that we are thinking about the future - and that is the climate and environmental issues".
The main topics should actually be climate protection and digitalisation, the brexite and the EU's medium-term financial planning.
Berlin Federal Foreign Office - Germany is taking rapid and targeted action in numerous African countries in an effort of solidarity.
In many locations, existing projects can be adapted to meet the needs of the new situation, allowing assistance to be provided quickly and directly.
Just a few examples:. The Federal Government is also committed to humanitarian aid and has already provided million euro for humanitarian aid measures in Africa for More information.
Berlin dpa - According to Chancellor Angela Merkel CDU , the federal and state governments will probably not decide on further relaxation of corona-related restrictions until May 6th.
Merkel said after the EU summit in Berlin, that the effects of the opening of stores could only be estimated 14 days later. Other loosening would come into effect even later.
So far it had been expected that decisions on further steps could be made as early as the end of April. German Chancellor Angela Merkel reiterated her "No" to a joint debt.
She said, however, that Germany would pay more into the EU budget - most recently it was Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel CDU has prepared citizens for the fact that the restrictions in the Corona crisis will continue for a long time to come.
Nobody likes to hear it, but it is the truth: "We are not living in the final phase of the pandemic, but still at its beginning.
We will have to live with this virus for a long time to come. Brussels dpa - Germany is prepared to significantly increase its contribution to the European Union's next long-term budget, Minister of State for Europe Michael Roth said on Wednesday, ahead of talks with his EU Counterparts.
The European Commission is touting the bloc's next seven-year budget framework as a key to rebuilding Europe's economy, which is being ravaged by the coronavirus pandemic.
Berlin is "ready to make significantly more funding available," Roth said, noting that this was a pledge already made by Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The issue is expected to feature at a videoconference of EU leaders on Thursday, which the bloc's European affairs ministers were preparing. Roth stressed the need to show solidarity, noting that European states can expect Germany to make a "special effort.
Without a vaccine there would be no return to normality, he said. The situation was still serious, Schaade said, even though some progress had been made in Germany in the fight against the virus.
Schaade called on people to continue to follow the recommendations: For example, staying at home as much as possible, keeping a distance of at least 1.
Berlin dpa - Chancellor Angela Merkel CDU has criticised the discussions on further relaxation of restrictions in the fight against the corona virus in an exceptionally harsh manner.
On Monday, Merkel made it clear in a switching conference of the CDU presidium how dissatisfied she was that the message of cautious loosening had led to "opening discussion orgies" in some countries.
This, she said, greatly increased the risk of a relapse. Berlin dpa - Federal Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz SPD has promised financial support to hoteliers and restaurant operators who are particularly affected by the ongoing closure in the Corona pandemic.
We are particularly focusing on those sectors which cannot start again quickly. The hotel and restaurant industry is certainly one of them," Scholz told "Welt am Sonntag".
The German Hotel and Restaurant Association Dehoga warned that the more than , companies in the sector will have lost around 10 billion euros in sales by the end of April.
Without additional state support, every third business would face insolvency. Dresden dpa - The East German state of Saxony is the first in Germany to make masks mandatory for public transport and retail.
To cover nose and mouth, it does not have to be an expensive FFP2 mask, a simple cloth or scarf is sufficient, the head of the government emphasized.
Kretschmer said that if one allows additional contacts of people in so many areas, a mask obligation is "the right answer". During the war, Poland lost an estimated 39 to 45 percent of its physicians and dentists, 26 to 57 percent of its lawyers, 15 to 30 percent of its teachers, 30 to 40 percent of its scientists and university professors, and 18 to 28 percent of its clergy.
The Nazis captured 5. Of these, they killed an estimated 3. From onward, Soviet POWs were viewed as a source of forced labour, and received better treatment so they could work.
Antisemitic legislation passed in led to the removal of all Jewish teachers, professors, and officials from the education system.
The average class size increased from 37 in to 43 in due to the resulting teacher shortage. Frequent and often contradictory directives were issued by Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick, Bernhard Rust of the Reich Ministry of Science, Education and Culture , and other agencies regarding content of lessons and acceptable textbooks for use in primary and secondary schools.
Detailed National Socialist indoctrination of future holders of elite military rank was undertaken at Order Castles.
Primary and secondary education focused on racial biology, population policy, culture, geography, and physical fitness.
At universities, appointments to top posts were the subject of power struggles between the education ministry, the university boards, and the National Socialist German Students' League.
Women were a cornerstone of Nazi social policy. The Nazis opposed the feminist movement, claiming that it was the creation of Jewish intellectuals, instead advocating a patriarchal society in which the German woman would recognise that her "world is her husband, her family, her children, and her home".
Courses were offered on childrearing, sewing, and cooking. Women were encouraged to leave the workforce, and the creation of large families by racially suitable women was promoted through a propaganda campaign.
Women received a bronze award—known as the Ehrenkreuz der Deutschen Mutter Cross of Honour of the German Mother —for giving birth to four children, silver for six, and gold for eight or more.
Though the measures led to increases in the birth rate, the number of families having four or more children declined by five percent between and After the war started, slave labourers were extensively used.
Nazi leaders endorsed the idea that rational and theoretical work was alien to a woman's nature, and as such discouraged women from seeking higher education.
The number of women enrolled in post-secondary schools dropped from , in to 51, in However, with the requirement that men be enlisted into the armed forces during the war, women comprised half of the enrolment in the post-secondary system by Women were expected to be strong, healthy, and vital.
From 25 March membership in the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for all children over the age of ten.
The BDM's activities focused on physical education, with activities such as running, long jumping, somersaulting, tightrope walking, marching, and swimming.
The Nazi regime promoted a liberal code of conduct regarding sexual matters and was sympathetic to women who bore children out of wedlock.
Soldier's wives were frequently involved in extramarital relationships. Sex was sometimes used as a commodity to obtain better work from a foreign labourer.
With Hitler's approval, Himmler intended that the new society of the Nazi regime should destigmatise illegitimate births, particularly of children fathered by members of the SS, who were vetted for racial purity.
Existing laws banning abortion except for medical reasons were strictly enforced by the Nazi regime. The number of abortions declined from 35, per year at the start of the s to fewer than 2, per year at the end of the decade, though in a law was passed allowing abortions for eugenics reasons.
Nazi Germany had a strong anti-tobacco movement , as pioneering research by Franz H. Müller in demonstrated a causal link between smoking and lung cancer.
Government-run health care insurance plans were available, but Jews were denied coverage starting in That same year, Jewish doctors were forbidden to treat government-insured patients.
In , Jewish doctors were forbidden to treat non-Jewish patients and in their right to practice medicine was removed entirely. Medical experiments, many of them pseudoscientific , were performed on concentration camp inmates beginning in Josef Mengele , camp doctor at Auschwitz.
Nazi society had elements supportive of animal rights and many people were fond of zoos and wildlife. In , the Nazis enacted a stringent animal-protection law that affected what was allowed for medical research.
The Reich Forestry Office under Göring enforced regulations that required foresters to plant a variety of trees to ensure suitable habitat for wildlife, and a new Reich Animal Protection Act became law in It allowed for the expropriation of privately owned land to create nature preserves and aided in long-range planning.
When the Nazis seized power in , roughly 67 percent of the population of Germany was Protestant , 33 percent was Roman Catholic , while Jews made up less than 1 percent.
Under the Gleichschaltung process, Hitler attempted to create a unified Protestant Reich Church from Germany's 28 existing Protestant state churches ,  with the ultimate goal of eradication of the churches in Germany.
Persecution of the Catholic Church in Germany followed the Nazi takeover. Catholic schools were required to reduce religious instruction and crucifixes were removed from state buildings.
Pope Pius XI had the " Mit brennender Sorge " "With Burning Concern" encyclical smuggled into Germany for Passion Sunday and read from every pulpit as it denounced the systematic hostility of the regime toward the church.
Enrolment in denominational schools dropped sharply and by all such schools were disbanded or converted to public facilities.
Alfred Rosenberg , head of the Nazi Party Office of Foreign Affairs and Hitler's appointed cultural and educational leader for Nazi Germany, considered Catholicism to be among the Nazis' chief enemies.
He planned the "extermination of the foreign Christian faiths imported into Germany", and for the Bible and Christian cross to be replaced in all churches, cathedrals, and chapels with copies of Mein Kampf and the swastika.
Other sects of Christianity were also targeted, with Chief of the Nazi Party Chancellery Martin Bormann publicly proclaiming in , "National Socialism and Christianity are irreconcilable.
While no unified resistance movement opposing the Nazi regime existed, acts of defiance such as sabotage and labour slowdowns took place, as well as attempts to overthrow the regime or assassinate Hitler.
These networks achieved little beyond fomenting unrest and initiating short-lived strikes. The group was detected by the Gestapo and more than 50 members were tried and executed in The two groups saw themselves as potential rival parties in post-war Germany, and for the most part did not co-ordinate their activities.
While civilian efforts had an impact on public opinion, the army was the only organisation with the capacity to overthrow the government. They believed Britain would go to war over Hitler's planned invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Germany would lose.
The plan was to overthrow Hitler or possibly assassinate him. The planned coup was cancelled after the signing of the Munich Agreement in September Several more attempts followed before the failed 20 July plot, which was at least partly motivated by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war.
Richard J. Evans , The Coming of the Third Reich The regime promoted the concept of Volksgemeinschaft , a national German ethnic community.
The goal was to build a classless society based on racial purity and the perceived need to prepare for warfare, conquest and a struggle against Marxism.
As well as taking control of tens of thousands of privately run recreational clubs, it offered highly regimented holidays and entertainment such as cruises, vacation destinations and concerts.
Sub-chambers were set up to control aspects of cultural life such as film, radio, newspapers, fine arts, music, theatre and literature.
Members of these professions were required to join their respective organisation. Jews and people considered politically unreliable were prevented from working in the arts, and many emigrated.
Books and scripts had to be approved by the Propaganda Ministry prior to publication. Standards deteriorated as the regime sought to use cultural outlets exclusively as propaganda media.
Radio became popular in Germany during the s; over 70 percent of households owned a receiver by , more than any other country. By July , radio station staffs were purged of leftists and others deemed undesirable.
Newspapers, like other media, were controlled by the state; the Reich Press Chamber shut down or bought newspapers and publishing houses.
By , over two-thirds of the newspapers and magazines were directly owned by the Propaganda Ministry. Under Goebbels, the Propaganda Ministry issued two dozen directives every week on exactly what news should be published and what angles to use; the typical newspaper followed the directives closely, especially regarding what to omit.
Authors of books left the country in droves and some wrote material critical of the regime while in exile. Goebbels recommended that the remaining authors concentrate on books themed on Germanic myths and the concept of blood and soil.
By the end of , over a thousand books—most of them by Jewish authors or featuring Jewish characters—had been banned by the Nazi regime.
Pacifist works, and literature espousing liberal, democratic values were targeted for destruction, as well as any writings supporting the Weimar Republic or those written by Jewish authors.
Hitler took a personal interest in architecture and worked closely with state architects Paul Troost and Albert Speer to create public buildings in a neoclassical style based on Roman architecture.
Neither structure was built. Hitler's belief that abstract , Dadaist , expressionist and modern art were decadent became the basis for policy.
The exhibition proved wildly popular, attracting over two million visitors. Movies were popular in Germany in the s and s, with admissions of over a billion people in , and Exports of German films plummeted, as their antisemitic content made them impossible to show in other countries.
The two largest film companies, Universum Film AG and Tobis , were purchased by the Propaganda Ministry, which by was producing most German films.
The productions were not always overtly propagandistic, but generally had a political subtext and followed party lines regarding themes and content.
Scripts were pre-censored. Leni Riefenstahl 's Triumph of the Will —documenting the Nuremberg Rally—and Olympia —covering the Summer Olympics —pioneered techniques of camera movement and editing that influenced later films.
New techniques such as telephoto lenses and cameras mounted on tracks were employed. Both films remain controversial, as their aesthetic merit is inseparable from their propagandising of National Socialist ideals.
The Allied powers organised war crimes trials, beginning with the Nuremberg trials , held from November to October , of 23 top Nazi officials. They were charged with four counts—conspiracy to commit crimes, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity —in violation of international laws governing warfare.
The result was convictions of 1, people; of these were sentenced to death and to life in prison, with the remainder receiving lesser sentences.
About 65 percent of the death sentences were carried out. The political programme espoused by Hitler and the Nazis brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Europe.
Germany itself suffered wholesale destruction, characterised as Stunde Null Zero Hour. While Evans remarks that the era "exerts an almost universal appeal because its murderous racism stands as a warning to the whole of humanity",  young neo-Nazis enjoy the shock value the use Nazi symbols or slogans provides.
The process of denazification, which was initiated by the Allies as a way to remove Nazi Party members was only partially successful, as the need for experts in such fields as medicine and engineering was too great.
However, expression of Nazi views was frowned upon, and those who expressed such views were frequently dismissed from their jobs. While virtually every family suffered losses during the war has a story to tell, Germans kept quiet about their experiences and felt a sense of communal guilt, even if they were not directly involved in war crimes.
The trial of Adolf Eichmann in and the broadcast of the television miniseries Holocaust in brought the process of Vergangenheitsbewältigung coping with the past to the forefront for many Germans.
Study of the era and a willingness to critically examine its mistakes has led to the development of a strong democracy in Germany, but with lingering undercurrents of antisemitism and neo-Nazi thought.
In a Körber Foundation survey found that 40 percent of year-olds in Germany did not know what Auschwitz was.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the book, see Das Dritte Reich. Germany from to while under control of the Nazi Party. Emblem — Germany's territorial control at its greatest extent during World War II late :.
Further information: Reich. Further information: Adolf Hitler's rise to power. Further information: History of Germany. Main article: Gleichschaltung.
Main articles: Anschluss and German occupation of Czechoslovakia. Further information: Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
Main article: Operation Barbarossa. Main article: Mass suicides in Nazi Germany. Play media. Further information: World War II casualties.
Main article: Territorial evolution of Germany. Main article: Nazism. See also: Government of Nazi Germany.
Main article: Law in Nazi Germany. See also: Myth of the clean Wehrmacht. Main article: Economy of Nazi Germany. See also: List of companies involved in the Holocaust.
Main article: Nazi plunder. Further information: Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany. Further information: Porajmos.
Main article: Aktion T4. Main article: Generalplan Ost. Main articles: The Holocaust and Final Solution. Further information: Occupation of Poland — Main article: Nazi crimes against the Polish nation.
Main article: German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war. Further information: University education in Nazi Germany. Further information: Women in Nazi Germany.
Further information: Animal welfare in Nazi Germany. Main article: Kirchenkampf. See also: Religion in Nazi Germany. If the experience of the Third Reich teaches us anything, it is that a love of great music, great art and great literature does not provide people with any kind of moral or political immunization against violence, atrocity, or subservience to dictatorship.
See also: List of authors banned in Nazi Germany. Main article: Nazism and cinema. Main article: Consequences of Nazism.
See also: Denazification. Germany portal World War II portal. Tümmler , p. See Statistisches Jahrbuch It could not be expected that even for a brief period our Air Force could make up for our lack of naval supremacy.
Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz believed air superiority was not enough and admitted, "We possessed neither control of the air or the sea; nor were we in any position to gain it.
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